necessarily represent the official policy or position of the Department of the Army,
Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government.
GUERRILLA WARFARE AND LAND MINE CASUALTIES REMAIN INSEPARABLE
William A. Jorgensen, DO
edited by Mr. Robert R. Love
Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, KS.
U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
(October-December 1998 issue)
Mine Casualties and the Recent past
A Nasty Piece of Work
The Mine and the Missing Leg
|Displacement elasticity (dynes/cm2)||2.5x104||7.1x1010|
|Resistance to tearing (dynes/cm2)||5x106-5x107||9.75x108|
|Tearing index [extent] (cm)||0.2-0.7||0.05|
|Acoustic impedance (dynes/cm3)||1.7x105||6x105|
|Speed of sound (centimeters/second)||1.5x105-1.6x105||3.36x105|
Medical personnel should expect that mine warfare will continue to be a factor in future conflict, particularly counterinsurgency. The various efforts to ban land mines will probably make commercially produced land mines harder to obtain and locally manufactured land mines will take their place. These will normally be cruder, may contain more explosives and may be more damaging. This would create greater problems for the medical personnel, who are already challenged dealing with contemporary land-mine casualties.
1. Petr Antonov, "Chemu uchit opyt" [What does experience teach?], Armeyskiy sbornik [Army digest], January 1997, 35.
2. Aleksandr Lyakhovskiy, Tragediya i doblest' Afgana [The tragedy and valor of the Afghanistan veteran], Moscow: Iskona, 1995, Appendix.
3. G. F. Krivosheev, Grif sekretnosti snyat [The secret seal has been removed], Moscow: Voyenizdat, 1993, 401-405. These are official figures, but recent material suggests that the actual casualty rates are higher-some suggesting twice the reported figures.
4. E. A. Nechaev, A. K. Tutokhel, A. I. Gritsanov, and I. D. Kosachev, "Meditsinskoe obespechenie 40-iy armii: tsifry i fakty" [Medical support of the 40th Army: Facts and Figures], Voenno-meditsinskiy zhurnal [Military medical journal, hereafter VMZ], August 1991, 4.
5. For an examination of the nature of injuries and evacuation procedures, see Lester W. Grau and William A. Jorgensen, "Handling the Wounded in a Counter-Guerrilla War: The Soviet/Russian Experience in Afghanistan and Chechnya", U.S.Army Medical Department Journal, January-February 1998.
6. Yu. K. Yanov, V. R. Gofman, L. A. Glaznikov, A. T. Grechko and Yu. A. Shulev, "Diagnostika povrezhdeniy slukhovoy sistemy v ranniy period minno-vzryvnoy travmy i optimizatsiya lecheniya postradavshikh" [Diagnosis of damage to the auditory system in the early period of mine-explosion trauma and optimum care of the victim], VMZ, April 1997, 26.
7. L. N. Bisenkov and N. A. Tynyakkin, "Osobennosti okazaniya khirurgicheskoy pomoshchi postradavshim s minno-vsryvnymi raneniyami v armii respubliki Afganistan" [Providing special surgical care to land mine casualties in the army of the Republic of Afghanistan], VMZ, January 1992, 19-20.
8. Ibid, 20.
11. Ibid, 21.
16. Ibid, 22.
17. The 100 grams represents the US M14 antipersonnel mine. It is one of the smallest antipersonnel mines and is called "the toe popper" by the troops. Soviet antipersonnel mines start at 200 grams. Most of the Soviet personnel mine casualties in Afghanistan were from the Soviet PDM mine-a small antipersonnel mine with 200 grams of plastic explosive.
18. N. F. Fomin, "Mekhanogenez povrezhdeniy organov i tkaney minno-vzryvnykh otryvakh nizhnikh konechnostey" [The mechanical origin of damage to organs and tissue caused by land mine detonations which remove the lower extremities], VMZ, May, 1994, 13.
19. Ibid, 12-13.
20. Ibid, 14.
23. Ibid, 15.
26. Ibid, 16.